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the scenes at archives, museums and historic sites. this week, we visit the third u.s. infancy caisson platoon in arlington, virginia, based in ft. myer, the old guard conducts up to eight honored funerals etch day with horse-drawn caisson teams. work begins at 4:00 a.m. when the horses are washed and the tack is cleaned and polished. near the horse stables is the caisson platoon leather shop. eugene burkes has worked in the leather shop since 1981. we visited him to learn more about the work involved in preparing funeral caissons according to century-old tradition. >> i was currently in acting duty here for 16 years. i retired in 1997. and they brought me back as a civilian. at that time, it was candleten light textiles here. i had no experience at all with tack and harness. i was pretty much self-taught. right now, we have two guys here, and that's their mos now, in which they actually come in and i train those guys on mos. and what we do here is we repair all the harness and tacks from scratch from the caissons and all the horses. we also handle all the logistics. ideally, what we d
accrue mostly to participate with higher skills. people can use computers. people can use robots and the like. and in that respect, even for a given distribution of educational outcomes, income distribution will widen, as the higher returns accrue to people who have the appropriate skill. so, it's hard to say entirely how to solve it. it's not a problem that can be solved quickly, but clearly trying to break down barriers to social mobility, trying to increase opportunities for training acquisition of skills, education, from a very young age, all the way through post-high school, junior college, and the like, is the basic approach. but it is a very, very difficult problem. to bring the federal reserve into it for a moment, as i said there's not much the federal reserve can do about very long-term trends like this that don't really have much to do with monetary policy. but over the shorter period, our efforts to put people back to work, and we are making extraordinary efforts to try to increase the number of jobs in our economy, that's going to be important factor reducing inequal
it makes sense to invest in the united states and use this as your platform. i have to say i have been visited by companies from all around the world. some of which are represented in this audience in recent weeks who said between our legal system, our innovation, ecosystem, our workforce, the access to cheap and cleaner energy that this is a platform that they want to base themselves at. when you add to that, the network of trade agreements that were currently negotiating, this can be a global platform for exports and i think we'll see more and more investment as a resu result. we're seeing an investment in manufacturing in certain sectors we never thought we'd see additional investment and we're seeing expansion of services and investment in our agricultural sector, which is of world class character. so we're very optimistic about the u.s. being a platform for global investment and global exports with these treaties and agreements providing the context for that and this summit bringing attention to that and it's nice to be on a panel where everybody supports what it is that we're doi
us. where do you think there's general agreement. second question, where do you think there's not agreement. and how do we go about reconciling that lack of agreement if we can. >> do you want to go first? >> senator carper, i think there is broad based agreement about the potential of a digital economy and virtual currencies, i think there is absolute agreement that there is enormous potential for social good, and that this is an emerging technology that needs to be protected. i also think there is clear agreement that we can't just ignore the misuse, and misuse jeopardizes the virtual ability of the currencies in the longer run. i don't think there is disagreement at all on those points. as it relates to areas -- i just don't think there is use for the laws at the exchange level. know your customer, those kinds of provisions. the greatest challenge, the greatest area we have to grapple with is how do we enforce the enforcement techniques. and the fact that this is a global phenomenon. this is something that was just issued in march of this year. the guidance that directors
questions. >> it might be advisable for us to work with them so we might be able to give them a good recommendation as to what the strength should be given kind of the predictable nature of intensifying of storms. water expands when it's heated, oceans are getting much warmer. as a result, the waves are much higher. as a result, the storms are much more devastating. so this is something that is scientifically indisputable and something we should work with them to help them think it through. it's worth noting this typhoon was forecast to potentially hit vietnam after it just struck the philippines. last month the united states and vietnam agreed to a civil nuclear cooperation agreement. i think we should begin to think about whether or not we should be putting nuclear power plants with u.s. cooperation in countries like vietnam knowing without proper protection there could be catastrophic consequences that flow from the interaction of a natural disaster and a nuclear power plant that is not as strong or well positioned as it could be. we just saw that in japan. they are going to be go
from state department and u.s. aid officials held by the foreign relations subcommittee. this is live coverage on c-span3. >>> good morning. let me welcome you all to the subcommittee on east asia and the pacific for the senate foreign relations committee. let me thank chairman menendez for allowing us to conduct this subcommittee hearing on such short notice. senator rubio, thank you very much for your help and your staff's help in arranging this hearing in record time. when we say the senate can't act quickly, we did act quickly on putting this hearing together, and i very much appreciate that, all the people who worked to make this possible. nice to see you again, we were together yesterday, billy, referred to that, but the filipino ambassador to the united states is a friend and has been extremely helpful to us. shortly after the typhoon, we had a chance to talk, and at that time i expressed our deep condolence on the loss of life as a result of the typhoon, and america's interest to exercise leadership internationally in assisting the filipinos in the recovery, saving lives, and
in the region, and ths state department has been on, engaged, so there has been a u.s. response with the n international community to assist the philippine nal co government. the immediate needs have been in the area of food, water, and medicine, and logistics, long-term needs are going to be the rebuilding of the affected l areas, and clearly that will become a challenge for the ge philippine islands, and for the help of the international community.help o it's personal to many people in america. we have 4 million americans of f filipino descent that live in america. and in the state of maryland, we have 26,000. we and yesterday, with the ambassador's assistance, and jeremy, with your help, we met with representatives of the hel filipino community in maryland,e and they are, obviously, very anxious because they have relatives and friends that werea directly impacted and they are worried about their well being.h they also are frustrated becaush they want to help, and how can they help? que and that's a question we're try going to try to focus on during this hearing, is how can individuals
the government's ability to police the use of digital currency with the laws currently on the books. online decentralized systems allow people to exchange goods and services without using real money, including bit coins. this hearing is two and a half hours. >>> good afternoon, everyone. thank you for joining us, we especially want to thank our witnesses, panel number one, and somewhere in the audience, panel number two. the i.d. card is there, so pick it up please and put it where it belongs. that way we'll know who you are and you will, too. my succeeder in the senate used to say many years ago, he would say, his advice was wear a big button. wear a big button when you're campaigning so you'll remember your name and so will other people, too. we want to make sure people remember your name. over the past several months, this committee has engaged in a investigation into the potential implications of virtual currencies. during the course of this inquiry, we've examined the issues and potential risks and threats that virtual kecurrenci pose as well as some of the potential promise that some
that by using our targets financial measures under 311 of the patriots act to name liberty reserve as a primary money concern. we stand ready to take additional regulatory actions as necessary to stop other abuses. as the financial intelligence unit for the united states, fincen must stay current on how money is being laundering in the united states so we can share the expertise with our law enforcement, regulatory, industry, and foreign policies and serve as the cornerstone of this country's aml regime. we're meeting this as we continue to deliver cutting edge analyt klt products to inform the actions of our partners. we're committed to remaining at the forefront of development in the years to come. we have made oversight of the virtual currency development a priority, and we're encouraged by the progress we have made thus far. thank you for inviting me to testify before you today. >> thank you so much for being here. for the meeting you had with our staff and me last week, and for your testimony. thank you. ms. raman, pleasero proceed. >> thank you for the opportunity to come before the commi
, may not know the city. we can use it to determine who is providing bad service, good service. those providing poor service we can't partner with. those accounts typically get deactivated. >> as an uber customer, wonder how you balance supply and demand. how are you tuning these algorithms. >> at our country we have a math department. i'm a computer engineer, scientist, background at ucla before i dropped out. i thought that would be funny. i still sort of directly manage or get involved with that team. basically seems naturally you push a button and a car comes in five minutes. how do you know that will happen. you have to predict ahead of time. the right number of cars at the same time. predicting traffic. how long does it take for a car to get there can affect how all the trips happen -- >> going to leave this. you can watch the rest online at c-span.org. live to capitol hill for senate homeland security meeting on digital currencies that allow people to exchange goods and services online without using real money. the chair, democrat from delaware, senator carper. >> many years ag
city changed rather peacefully, compared to other american cities. >> thank you for welcoming us, it's a real honor and pleasure to be with you. thank you. >> thank you for coming. >> we're interested obviously to hear about your, to begin, about your mother. of course we'll want to hear much from you about your own experience directly. as you were right in the middle of all of what happened in the late '50s, early '60s here in oklahoma city. could i ask you to talk about your mother? >> i would love to. that's a good starting point. my mother has been an educator most of her life. she had an opportunity to teach at dungy high school, which is in spencer, oklahoma. some of us call the country. young people have never, ever had any opportunities to see anything but their immediate environment. mom wrote a play called brother president. the story of martin luther king jr. and the young dungy, were able to role it and produce the play. a guy by the name of herbert wright was here in oklahoma city and saw the play and invited the group of young people to the naacp national convention, to
to support the women and men who are trying to move afghanistan forward. we will certainly, the three of us, be deeply involved in making that case. but we need a virtual army now that the real army is leaving, we need a virtual army to help us make the case and to build that awareness here in the united states and around the world. [ applause ] >> well, thank you to you both, mrs. bush, secretary clinton. thank you for all you've done. thank you for all you will surely continue to do. thank you for being an extraordinary bipartisan face on an issue that has no partisanship. >> we're live on capitol hill for the hearing on development of virtual currencies. what current and potential uses will be. we'll hear how national security issues could be affected by those currencies. at this hearing held by the senate banking committee. we see the chairman of the committee, senator jeff merkel from oregon seated there. i want to read the story about another hearing yesterday said virtual currency bitcoin took a big step towards mainstream as federal authorities signaled their willingness to accept i
there is such interest in retaining at least the option of using nuclear weapons in response to a massive conventional attack is that those countries underably are not keen on being liberated after six months of heavy fighted. they are interested in the attack not happening or at least being stopped. i think one of the issues that the alliance has to face, one that we face in connection with korea, that there's sort of two models of how you address an invasion. one is the kind of at some point you will decide that war is inevitable and mobilize and start flowing stuff and everything goes at once. and you talk about we used to fight in divisions the idea was we would move ten divisions to europe in ten days. it's a major of the way it was planned. first day was spent filling out paperwork. but that was what we were going to do, damn it. one of things we have to bear in mind to think realistically about this scenario, this is extremely unlikely to be an absolute bolt from the blue. there's lots of history of tactical surprise. to my knowledge no history in the last couple of hundred years at least of st
. on september 12th, 1962, president kennedy delivered a speech on the u.s. space program arguing that america should be the leader in space exploration and the first to land a man on the moon. this 20-minute address took place at rice university in houston. >> mr. vice president, governor, congressman thomas, senator wily and congressman miller, mr. webb, mr. bell, scientists, distinguished guests and ladies and gentlemen, i appreciate your president having immediate he m made me an honorary visiting professor and i assure you my first lecture will be very brief. i am delighted to be here and particularly delighted to be here on this occasion. we meet at a college noted for knowledge in a city noted for progress in a state noted for strength. and we stand in need of all three. we meet in an hour of change and challenge and a decade of hope and fear. in an age of both knowledge and ignorance. to greatest our knowledge increases, the greater our ignorance unfolds. despite the striking fact that most of the scientists that the world has ever known are alive and working today, despite the fact th
transparency is urgently necessary to restore the international community's trust in the u.s. government and in our u.s. internet industry, which is projected to lose tens if'll hundreds of billions of dollars in the face of widespread concern from foreign governments and international users. we must take this opportunity to demonstrate that our surveillance practices are necessary and proportionate and respectful of constitutional and human rights. and if the numbers show otherwise we must take this opportunity to reform our surveillance laws as well as better protect our rights and national security. speaking of national security there are two basic arguments why publishing these numbers would threaten it, but neither is persuasive. first there's concern that such reporting will reveal which services have not been targeted by the u.s. government such that our enemies will seek them out. however, it has always been the case companies that haven't received national security demands can say they have not received national security demands as was most recently demonstrated just last week w
to publish basic statistics about how the government is using its national security surveillance authorities. particularly in the wake of recent revelations about the nsa's surveillance programs, we believe this level of transparency about what companies do and don't do in response to government demands is critically important for three reasons. first, the american people and policy makers have a clear right and need to know this information so that they may have a more informed public debate about the appropriateness of the government's use of its authorities and to better ensure those authorities are not misused or abused. second, the company have a clear first amendment right to tell us this information. and the government as tempt to gag them from sharing even this most basic data or even to admit that they have received foreign intelligence demands at all is clearly unconstitutional. indeed you'll see this prior restraint at work in the room. even though everyone in this room knows and understands that google has received foreign intelligence surveillance act process, google's represent
. and i applaud the u.s. this leadership. and then on the logistics, i one really do thank our department of defense. i they understand how to get to people who have been isolated e and to get a better assessment. let me point out one obvious ano point here. p most of the damage was done on s the coast. and that's what we saw.tha we could reach the coast.t' we could not reach communities isolated from the coast. therefore, initially, there wasn't a good understanding as to the severity of the damage inland. do we now have some indication as to whether there is going to be additional significant losses as a result of reaching people that we weren't able to reach originally?cant los >> thank you, senator. we did initially focus on the coast. we also did initial over-land and overflight assessments in some of the inland areas, as as well, working with our dod rkini colleagues. our initial assessment was that. l areas were the worst affected so that was the first priority for focus.at as that situation has started to stabilize, maybe too strong a word but let's say head in the e direction o
th region that the u.s. military, u as you said, in addition to to being an unmatched fighting force, also brings unmatched logistical capabilities. which they use, unfortunately al have to use quite often in the f region for disaster response. i think that's gone widely noticed. i wouldn't want to speculate on why the chinese have responded the way they have. i do know at some point d philippine authorities suggestet there was no need for further gd medical equipment and support, r whether that played a role on ma the hospital ship not coming, i'm not sure. ship i think the more important point from our perspective is by doing the right thing, we've seen seen in the region as doing the righe thing.st >> well, just my editorial comment to close, and i don't expect you to respond to it, bur we have this debate going on in this country how engaged the u.s. needs to be around the world diplomatically in aid programs, and of course militarily with our presence. this is an example what would mi happen if the u.s. did retreat e from the global stage.. there is no substitute for the united
in afghanistan. it gives us a chance now, all americans, really, the chance to support those groups, to find the groups. the doctor is here, opus prize winner to promote her schools and women all over afghanistan. leslie schweitzer, fundraiser for university of afghanistan. i think maybe we may get some questions out of afghanistan from american university. you can give directly to the american university of afghanistan to make sure girls have scholarships there. so i think as our troops leave, it's very, very important that we continue to support all the programs that were built over the last 10 years in afghanistan, including many that came from this very council, the u.s. afghan women's council, and to work with our own congressmen and women to make sure afghanistan stays in the forefront, that people do pay attention to it. it's going to be -- once our troops leave, the eyes of the united states will move away. we can't let that happen. it just is so, so important. what's important are those lives in afghanistan, the people that have changed. we need to make sure they don't think we've s
that you never get over, to this day, i -- when i drive by a cemetery, especially if they're using recycled water, i really think i can smell the dead bodies. >> one of the big reasons they took the iwo jimas, they would fly 1,000 miles, but they had to go over iwo jima to get to tokyo. so tokyo, i mean iwo jima would forewarn them by radar and they also had pursuit planes there that could shoot down the inj e injured b-29s when they were returning. it got so bad that a friend of mine by the name of general randall who was there, he told me that they had submarines almost every 50 piles between tokyo and saipan to pick up the flyers. >> the battle for iwo jima, told by the men who were there, today at 5:00 p.m. eastern. part of american history tv on c-span 3. >>> i started with teddy roosevelt. i knew so much had been writ bn teddy, i needed another story. i got into taft, knowing he had been friends, knowing they had broken apart in 1912. when i figured out what was the difference between the two in their leadership, it was teddy's public leadership, taft's failure as a public leader. i
. they are directly integrated into that. we are working very closely with that. and within the u.s. government doing nightly interagency calls and a variety of other mechanisms to make sure that we have our own house in order. it's been going fairly well so far as more and more ngos come in it will become a greater challenge. >> does the government of the philippines coordinate the capacities of the ngos and the need, the capacities of participating international partners as well as their own cash requirements? is that balanced together? >> yeah. their involvement in those cluster coordination meetings so you have a meeting on health every day, water every day. government of philippines is involved in those and able to hear what ngos capacities are available, what their plans are, provide feedback on that and feedback on priorities in addition to its own activities. >> there are 4 million americans plus with filipino heritage. there is strong compassion among the american people to be engaged. people want to help. i think that's true internationally, but particularly true here in america. is there a
parts, like us, and other coup tris, thus far, have been asking us what we see and financial aspect pass ports which is aml, standing setting bodies in an international community plans to take us this topic. >> in answer to your first question about the level of regulation, that's exactly what the states are trying to do with states and local regulators to make sure we have an appropriate level of oversight and supervision and if we have the tools to protect and prevent illegal activity. in terms of your second question on international regimes, i think it's important to note that many of these evolving alternative payment systems are in response to consumer demand. and as we've seen in europe and as we've seen in canada and elsewhere, there is a big demand for more realtime payments at lower transax costs. including transmission of money from one country to the next. ours has not evolved over the past four years. >> i know this has potential for abuse, but, i, you know, i may want to get back some of the folks from the treasury at some point. i do think there could at least be the poten
inspiration from. the list ranges from the declaration of independence and the u.s. constitution to abraham lincoln's gettysburg address to the bear down the wall speech. this was recorded in the house office building in washington, d.c. >> thank you very much and thank you for everyone here. i appreciate your time and taking time out on the afternoon and coming. i hope it will be different, maybe. it really is a thrill to be here in the house office building. my first memories were in the 70s. many of you were not alive then, but if you can imagine the 70s i was a young girl and i would run up and down the corridors and back then, you could actually take elevators down and go through the tunnels without security. many times i would get lot of and pop lack up somewhere else in congress or over the capital building. this is where i spend a lot of my time growing up. for me it's a particular thrill to be back and thank you very much for having me here. in terms of where i am, i will 5 you a background about the journey to the book. why this book and why our family documents and the history of
-handed to address the issues. >> steve saved us by holding it up. >> i have no financial interest in this. i actually can say that. a very good compendium. i would rather start on the highest end of that question where the private sector should be and touch on the comments i made earlier, which again would require a sort of paradigm shift. a paradigm shift in which we try to realize that the internet and technologies from a security perspective have differential that it's not the case the top secret computer i used to use for the government should be the very same computer with the very same protocols that i could buy in any electronics store. that makes no sense, right? it has obvious consequences in terms of moving data between top secret and secret and unclassified networks. we heard a couple of years ago how the consequence on one occasion led to the cyber net, i don't know if riddled is the right work but affected with malware. if a worm could destroy our information base. the first thing is to try to figure out what the technological solutions are. that's going to be a private sector c
to traditional financial institutions, using digital currencies, individuals may also be able to donate to illegal organizations that would otherwise be legitimately banned. some recent studies as we've been suggesting suggest it's a haven for illegal activity. we talked about silk road and we talk about liberty reserve. but those, i think, are probably just the prime examples of the point that criminals are using a broad array of criminal activities. so as we look at the lack of regulatory oversight and the market risk asoesociateassociats a continuing challenge to overall usage and endorsement. we need to discuss the effectiveness of risk mitigations. thank you for allowing me to testify and we look forward to continuing to work with you. >> thank you, profession sor hughes? >> ranking members helen and kirk and honorable members of the subcommittees. i am honored to be here with you today. monitoring the twopmenteds and taking a responsible approach to their regulation reflects their growing presence in domestic and international transactions. >> they have worked in areas that are li
kaiser fraser, using their last names. and kaiser frazer manufactured cars at the old bomber plant until 1953 when in 1953, they were -- sales had declined and they were consolidated into toledo, ohio. and in that factory then, general motors took it over and needed the factory after losing their hydromatic plant from a fire outside of detroit. they moved here to ypsilanti to manufacture transmissions and then took half the factory and used it as an assembly plant. a general motors story here. we have a kaiser frazer story here which was major auto industries in the last half of the 20th century. hudsons were not manufactured here in ypsilanti. they were manufactured in detroit. we have this hudson dealership that's a very good example of car dealerships in the early part of the 20th century. we used the dealership then to tell the hudson story. we're in the front of our dealership. where the showroom was where you come and look at your car that you were looking to shop and buy. here in our showroom, we have displayed a 1933 terraplane. we're in a hudson dealership. 1933 terraplane was d
:30 in the morning it will receive the endorsement from the united states. the long shadows of crisis envelope us still. but we meet today in an atmosphere in rising hope and at a moment of comparative calm. my presence here today is not a sign of crisis but of confidence. i'm not here to report on a new threat to the peace on new signs of war. i have come to salute the united nations and support the american people for your daily deliberation. for the reduction of global tension must not be an excuse for the narrow pursuit of self interest. if the soviet union and the united states with all of their global interests and clashing commitments of ideology and nuclear weapons still aimed at each other today can find agreement surely other nations can do the same. chronic disputes which divert appreciate resources from the needs of the people. or drain the energies of both sides serve no one. and the badge in the modern world is a willingness to seek peaceful solutions. the united states as a major nuclear power does have a special responsibility to the world. it is in fact a three fold responsibilit
act don't involve classified techniques. there are platforms that we use in the intelligence context that it's unknown to the outsiders or anyone outside the executive branch as to whether we can collect on a particular communications technology. >> the disclosure when we talk about technology other than it's on the internet or phone. >> we think that our adversaries -- let's say in year one we no that there's a company that has a particular number of surveillance requests and that number is published. they then introduce a new capability, a new service that they provide and then all of a sudden that number goes up dramatically in the following year. that's something that our adversaries could glean information from that. that's the type of thing i'm talking about that's different than in the wiretap context where everyone knows a basic wiretap is something you can do. i'd also like to address the latest question. the reason it's different than other collection methods is that's just collecting business records. it's not an interception capability. you're not intercepting communicati
. it plays tricks on us. it smudges and blurs the sharp edges of reality. but we turn the trick and summon up our own reality, images, sounds, to help us remember. >> next time we go internal will be at the 50 second mark. the lunar module which has been rather inactive during these latter phases of the count is also going on internal power at this time, on the two batteries in the ascent stage -- >> they came, one million of them, to this place, drawn by the magnet of history in the making. >> the astronauts, the prime crew were awakened at 4:15 eastern daylight and proceeded to have a physical examination in which they were declared flight-ready. they sat down for the normal astronaut fare on launch day, scrambled eggs, toast and coffee. the target for the apollo 11 astronauts, the moon at liftoff will be at a distance of 218,096 miles away. the astronauts departed from their crew quarters after checking out their suits, at 6:27 a.m. and some 27 minutes later, eight miles away from the crew quarters at the kennedy space center, atop the launch pad at complex 39, 6:54 a.m., the commander nei
crowd of people saying, what can i tell them. so he floated the idea of a peace corps. he didn't use that term but floated the idea saying to them if you are a doctor or an engineer, or a technician, would you be willing to go abroad for a year or two and help people in other countries and that would help the cause of democracy worldwide. and he went on and said that the people didn't go to school, college just to get better -- do financially better in their life but to do something for the world. how many of you who are going to be doctors are willing to spend your days in ghana, technicians or engineers, how many of you are willing to work in the foreign service and spend your lives traveling around the world. your willing business to do that, or merely serve a year or two in the service but on your willingness to contribute part of your life to this country, i think will depend the answer of whether a free society can. i think it can and i think americans are willing to contribute. but the effort must be -- than we've ever made it in the past. >> that may have been the end of it e
and then they took half of the factory and used it as an assembly plant. we have got a general motors story here. we have got a kaiser frazier story here, which is major auto industries in the last half of the 20th century. hudsons were not manufactured here. they were manufactured in detroit. but we have this hudson dealership that is a very good example of car dealerships in the early part of the 20th century. we use the dealership also to tell the story. you come and look at it, your car that you were going to shop and buy. we have display a 1933 plane. we're in the hudson dealership, 1933 was designed and planned by hudson motor car company to compete with ford, general motors and chrysler. hudson was sort of a mid price car. in order to stay competitive, they went on down to the marketplace. the era was a prohibition in 1920s. had this design. it's called a tara plane. kind of a play on tera earth and plane, airplane. air travel in the early 1930s was becoming much more popular. that was really a catchy name that went with that period of time. when the car was introduced they had amelia air hea
different roles in our economy. these new technologies may offer us. and we want to be certain you ae don't do anything to take them offline. i would encourage on an interim basis payment systems operators assuming that we all agree that this is a payment system and not something else like commodities or securities to adopt and oulda publicize their own transparent standards of how they will behave. p guarantees for redemption are all important user forms of protections. notice i said user and not consumer. because businesses who use have many of the same needs as consumers, and we tend to be focused on regulating for consumers. i spent lots of my life lookinge at consumer issues. but i'm equally interested in businesses being protected. i think we need to leave room for depository and nondepository providers in the currency space we don't want a regulatory t wat climate, rather, in which early entrants can freeze out later ones. we'd like to have a lot of innovation in this space. ha i worked at the federal trade c. commission many years ago and id one of the projects i worked on was th
, but the fact is we domesticated us in some ways. we gave up the freedom to wander and hunt and gather. that may be better or worse for agriculture in some ways. but the fact is evolution made us to be that way. and we surrendered the conditions that we evolved under. >>> minnesota senator al franken has introduced a bill that would require the nsa to disclose more information about its collection of phone records and other data. he chaired a hearing earlier this week with government officials who expressed concerns about the legislation and a google executive who favors the bill. >> this hearing will come to order. welcome to the senate judiciary subcommittee on privacy, technology and the law. the subject of this hearing is the surveillance transparency act of 2013. i'm proud to say that two weeks ago i reintroduced this bill with the support of my friend and colleague dean haller of nevada, who we'll be be hearing from in just a moment. this bill is urgently necessary. americans understand that we need to give due weight to privacy on one hand and national security on the other. but americans
to us before making those statements. i don't know if we authorized that statement to be made. the point is that if we allow the companies on an annual basis to publish these statistics, it it's going to simply provide additional information out there as new companies come online and pop up you may have a company that for a period of years shows no orders and then all of a sudden starts showing orders and that conveys a message that says, we have the capability to collect this now. the more detail we provide out there and the more we break this down by authorities and companies, the more easy it becomes for our adversaries to know where to talk and where not to talk. what we have agreed to allow the companies to do is to report the aggregate number of times in which they provide information to the government and that seems to me is an adequate way of providing the public the information they need to know about the minuscule proportion of times in which that actually happens and breaking it down nurt in our view crosses the line of the balance between transparency and national security. >
contracted to build the federally facilitated marketplace system which consumers used for private qualified health plans and for programs like med cicaid and advanced tax credits. we underestimated the volume of users to access the site at one time. we immediately addressed the issue and continued to work on performance and create a better experience. health care is made up of two major subdivisions. one is called learned and continues to educate consumers. while the premium estimation tool can only sort consumers on its first launch, its functionality will be to better fit consumer shopping profiles. this is different from the application because determination for assurance affordability programs, mecaid and chip, are specific to the characteristics of an applicant in his or her household and ask only be communicated after an application is completed. i know that consumers have been frustrated in these initial weeks after the sites loan. while the hub is working as intended, after the launch of the online application, numerous problems surfaced which have prevented some consumers moving th
to leverage the strengths of each of us. the state regulators and the federal agencies. at the local level, as a state regulator, i know, for example, that there's a large cambodian e population. i know of loel, massachusetts.ca i know there's a large brazilia population in framingham.gham. i send examiners out every day to conduct examinations to do transaction testing, money going abroad. so we have the boots on the ground and a local understandint that these companies. then we pair that with the national perspective and knowledge of federal agencies who also interact on an international level.by by leveraging these strengths, i think we do a much better job ah detecting and preventing this de illegal activity. >> i appreciate bothnt those answers. do you have a sense about the importance of this activity being certained in the united states?es? what is it -- what benefits does our economy and environment gain by encouraging or at least not. discouraging the bitcoin from being centered here? >>. >> i think what we gain is our continued replation as being ths country where into va tors st
primary money laundering concert and take steps to terminate its access to the u.s. financial system. we stand ready to take additional regulatory actions a necessary to stop other abuses.s as the financial intelligence unit for the united states, fincen must stay current on how, money is being laundered in the united states so that we can share this expertiseow with ourn domestic and foreign partners ri and serve ass the cornerstone o this country's amlcft regime. we are meeting in obligation in the virtual currency space as we continue to deliver cutting edge analytical products to inform the actions of our many r many partners.as m the administration has made appropriate oversight of the ove virtual currency industry a priority and fincen is very encouraged by the progress we have made thus far. thank you for inviting me to testify before you today. i would be happy to answer any questions you may have. >> thank you so much. mr. cotney. >> did you.merkle good afternoon, chairman warner and merkley, ranking members kirk and heller, members of the submit. my name is david cot
of obstructionism. all of the people who say that movements are over and use ridiculous terms like post-racist and post-feminist. excuse me? right. i can testify personally that the very same people who were saying 40 years ago that feminism was unnatural and well, it used to be necessary but it's not anymore. just to name one parallel to show how ridiculous this is, if it took more than a century to gain legal and social identity for abolitionists and suffrages as human beings for all women and men of color, now that we need legal and social equality and no power based on race or sex or ethnicity or class or sexuality, that's likely to take at least a century, too, don't you think? and we're only 40 years into it. also as original cultures say, as wilma mankiller said, it takes four generations to heal one act of violence. so truly we are just beginning. so i would like to contribute a few examples of the adventures before us and unlike david letterman, i'm not going to try to put them in any kind of order because each one is crucial. and anyway, they're all just reminders for people i
for the legitimate uses of technology like bit coin to flourish, it's imperative that his accepted uses must be addressed.st be a there must be a way to separate the weak from the chaff.simpl bottom line is very simple, i would ask mr. gallippi -- >> gallippi -- >> i would ask mr. gallippi, do you have any specific m suggestions of how we separate the weak from the chaff.gitima what would you suggest to the te witnesses on panel one to ensur that we address legitimate law enforcement concerns, without f duly inhibiting the development of these promising new technologies? >> yes, thank you, senator schumer. i think you first have to bu understand there are multiple u parts of bitcoin.operati the low level protocol, the bits and bites that make it work, and the application and service layer that businesses and consumers can engage in. this is where you find arly businesses like mine operating. when you want to try to separate the legitimate uses from the illegitimate ones, clearly the point to do that are by the visible service providers like ourselves, like bitpay. we have over 12,000 busi
place in the low countries, the u.s. was totally unprepared. roosevelt went to congress and said the u.s. must build 50,000 airplanes to protect itself. then in the fall of 1940, the battle of britain took place and the bombers were devastating england. it came out that bombers would be the way that you would have to fight world war ii. all the auto companies were given projects to build engines and airplane parts. ford motor company was given the b-24 bomber which was a problematic airplane. it was the newest plane we had. it was still in development stages. they wanted to mass produce the airplane. so ford said, i'm just going to build parts. i will build complete airplanes. that was henry ford speaking for his company. in january of 1941 his chief production guy, charles sorenson went to san diego, california, to watch how consolidated was building the b-24 bomber. what he saw for a production guy was just out of this world. they were building them one at a time by hand. every airplane. an individual handcrafted masterpiece. he said, you will never build a lot of airplanes the way. fo
, that weren't all that clear.[applaus and finally ask if you would join me in thanking our panel to help us understand this concept. [ applause ] >>> today marks the 150th anniversary of president lincoln's gettysburg address. next week thanksgiving day at 4:00 and 10:00 p.m. eastern on c-span 3's american history tv. >>> ben bernanke is expected here live shortly speaking to the federal economists clubs. a number of stories have been written about what he is expects to say. australian shares lower, bernanke's speech watched. treasury's fault ahead of bernanke. we'll have bernanke's remarks live when they happen here on c-span 3. until then, treasury secretary jack lieu said the debt ceiling should be extended and he earn couraged capitol hill to take acti action. >> what are we going to do on the data issues. we got these more looming deadlines in january and february. you're saying we're not going to have another experience like we had in october? >> i think if you look at the things republican leaders have said since october. it's clear this was not a good experience either for the count
abused. this is exactly the place where congressional oversight is useful and necessary. for months now there has been a steady stream of news stories about the nsa surveillance programs and yet right now by law americans cannot get really the most basic information about what's going on with these progra programs. consider this. it's been months since the prison program and the the telephone call records program were revealed to the public and yet to this day americans don't know the actual people whose information has been collected under those programs. they don't know how many of those people are american. they have no way of knowing how many of these americans have had their information actually seen by government officials as opposed to just being held in a database. the administration has taken good steps and good faith to address this problem, but i'm afraid that these steps are too little and that they are not permanent. and so americans still have no way of knowing whether the government is striking the right balance between privacy or security or whether their privacy is bein
prompts a question, if you raise your hand, and ask the question -- if it doesn't lead us too far astray, i would be glad to get involved in a conversation. but, of course, i warn you, if i discover that we're going hopelessly off the subject, and the time limit, i'll cut you off and go on with the presentation. so the gettysburg address is something special, something unique. and we're getting ready to celebrate its 150th anniversary. and we've had enough good books about the address in the last 20 or 25 years that we know quite a bit about it. we -- one of the last books that we had by gabor boreat did a marvelous job of showing what happened from the time the speech was given to the point at which it had become iconic. it took a while, if you remember. and he laid that out very nicely and showed us. and so it hasn't always had the stature that we give it now. and it couldn't have had. but it's interesting to see the way in which or to think about the way in which it's been held down through the years. it's probably the most mythologized of all of our historical speeches. i consider it
the question -- if it doesn't lead us too far astray, i would be glad to get involved in a conversation. but, of course, i warn you, if i discover that we're going hopelessly off the subject, and the time limit, i'll cut you off and go on with the presentation. so the gettysburg address is something special, something unique. and we're getting ready to celebrate its 150th anniversary. and we've had enough good books about the address in the last 20 or 25 years that we know quite a bit about it. we -- one of the last books that we had by gabor boreat did a marvelous job of showing what happened from the time the speech was given to the point at which it had become iconic. it took a while, if you remember. and he laid that out very nicely and showed us. and so it hasn't always had the stature that we give it now. and it couldn't have had. but it's interesting to see the way in which or to think about the way in which it's been held down through the years. it's probably the most mythologized of all of our historical speeches. i consider it the high watermark of american history. i really -- i'v
to storm shelters that most of us had anticipatede would serve the purpose effectively. but the storm surge in particular that jeremy described i think affected and inundated some of those shelters even if they withstood the wind and the rain. >> this was an ef4 tornado strength, you know, winds.uilt what were these shelters built to withstand? do you know? >> i don't know offhand but we can look into that. there's going to be -- certainly once this initial period of intense relief activity settlest down there's going to be a lot t of probing of those kinds of ofp questions. >> i thinkr it might be advisabi for us to work with them so that we might be able to give them a good recommendation as to what the strength should be given kind of the predictable nature of intensifying of storms. water expands when it's heated. the oceans are getting much warmer. and as a result the waves are ch much higher. as a result the storms are more devastating. this is something that's scientifically indisputable and i think that we should work with them to help them work it through. it's worth noting that th
terrorist group ever express er interest or actually use bitcoin for its operations?opera >> so we've certainly recognized the possibility and the vulnerability there. there's nothing in terms of information in the public domain about a terrorist organization expressing such interest or using it. but we would always be more than happy to have any outside briefings to discuss that topic further. >> thank you. over to you, mr. chairman. >> senator merkley? >> thank you very much. i wanted to ask a couple things related to different forms of crimes that -- quote crimes thaa have occurred with bitcoins. the first thing i want to ask i there is a centralized public ledger that's encrypted. so the anonymity is only in ulyn terms of -- you're not truly anonymous. there is an encrypted version of who owns what. so one concern about the, if you will, the reliability of the currency is whether that encryption can actually be broken. so i want to ask that question. there are some very powerful code breakers in the world. and we certainly have cussio discussions about our own u.s. capability t
that senator heller has done. i know senator kirk is going to be joining us as well.one we're going to do this a little different because this is a joint subcommittee hearing. i will chair the first panel. and senator merkley will chair the second panel.s the uses of virtual currencies have proliferated in recent years. my hope for this hearing is to educate the senate members and m others. and start the education of the public about virtual currencies, including their potential and drawbacks. i also hope to explore how regulators are keeping up with g this technological innovation to protect consumers. and i've gotpr a full statement here, but i actually have to he acknowledge that, you know, i'vc been following this kind of development of bitcoins for the last few months.hs. and i think i'm only starting to wrap my head around the ntial potential up side, down side, regulatory issues, monetary policy issues, taxation issues, consumer protection issues, tha this innovation represents. and rather than going through my whole -- i'll just point out tot the witnesses and those that back in
are using it. they will be able to shop, see what their choices are. the prices are good. the prices are not changing during the open enrollment period that goes until march. so i think that we'll have time to catch up. what's also been expressed as a concern is the mix of people that sign up. we might end up having millions of people sign up. they're happy with their new coverage, but we've got more people who are older, more likely to get sick than younger and healthier. we've got to monitor that carefully. we always anticipated though that younger folks would be the last folks in just because it's been a while since you and i were young but as i recall you don't think that you're going to get sick at that time. look, i am confident that the model that we have built which works off of the existing private spurns system is one that will succeed. we are going to have to, a, fix the website everybody feels confident about that. we'll have to remarket and rebrand and that will be challenging in this political environment. but keep in mind in the first month we also had 12 million peopl
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